Richmond Learning Platform

Active methodologies: placing your students at the center of their learning

Teaching which is based on active methodologies is student-centred. In it, learning is regarded as a constructive process and the student as an active agent. Learning is not considered receptive nor an act of accumulating information like it is in other methodologies. Active methodologies require that students participate actively in the process and think about what they are doing. This is perhaps the main immediate purpose of active methodologies: to make students think.

A key element in this type of methodologies is that they promote the development of metacognitive skills, which allow the student to assess the difficulty of problems, identify if he has understood a text, know how to use different strategies to do so and be able to evaluate his progress in the acquisition of knowledge. This type of learning is known as self-directed. 

Aside from developing metacognitive skills, students improve their self-confidence, self-discipline, and self-control, which makes them more autonomous.

In this type of learning students work in teams, they have discussions and evaluate what they learn frequently. At the same time, they develop a variety of social skills.

Richmond Solution active methodologies

These methodologies highlight the need for teaching to happen in the context of real-world problems, situations that are as close as possible to the context in which students will develop in the future. Contextualising teaching generally motivates students and encourages a positive attitude towards learning. Additionally, they make learning more meaningful and memorable. Based on these principles we can describe common elements that every active methodology has, and which are: 

•A scenario:Which gives context to the problem, project, or case. This includes the assignment of roles for the students.

•Groupwork: Students work in small or large groups in which they must divide tasks and roles to complete the assignment.

•Solution of problems: These problems are often complex, and they need students to investigate and carry out complex thinking processes. 

•Discovery of new knowledge: Students must reflect on what they know and what they need to know to solve a problem. This way, they will look for new knowledge to finish the task.

•Problems based on real situations: This will make learning more meaningful for the students and it will help them understand that there are different ways to solve a problem.

Each methodology will have additional characteristics but will still share the set described with other active methodologies. 

Active learning is effective because it involves students in their learning process. It gives teachers the opportunity of personalising learning, making it more inclusive.

Among the most popular active methodologies we can find: Flipped Classroom, Cooperative Learning, Project Based Learning and Thinking Based Learning. You can find more information about these methodologies in our Facebook:Richmond Solution.

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